Cusco

Cusco is undeniably touristy. You can’t walk five steps around the Plaza de Armas without being brandished with a tour brochure or restaurant or spa menu. Women stroll through the streets with llamas, waiting for squealing tourists to pounce for a selfie opp. But Cusco is a must for even the most independent and jaded travelers, as it contains an incredible number of sights.

During my first couple of days in Cusco, I walked around the center to get my bearings. Many churches were illuminated at night.

convento de santo domingo cusco

Convento de Santo Domingo

I quickly learned to skirt around the Plaza de Armas to avoid swarms of vendors. I spent more time in the hilly San Blas neighborhood, which contained dozens of cafes and restaurants. A few vendors were scattered in the area, but it didn’t feel nearly as overwhelming as the plaza.

san blas cusco

Stairs became a familiar sight in San Blas


Tons of of day tours from Cusco are available, and I’d bet you could go on a different tour every day for months. One of the most popular options is the Sacred Valley, which consists of a group of Inca settlements about 1.5 hours from Cusco. I went on a tour with Southern Adventure Peru, and one of our first stops was Pisac. The ruins included large terraces that lined the hillside.

sacred valley

We later stopped at Ollantaytambo, another Inca settlement and a common start and/or end point for Machu Picchu treks.

ollantaytambo archaeological park

If you have a free day in Cusco, it’s worth taking a trip to the Sacred Valley. The ruins are remarkable and easily accessible, as long as you’re willing to sit in a bus or van for a few hours.


Vinicunca, or “Rainbow Mountain,” is another popular day trip from Cusco. If you’re a late riser, beware: you’ll have to get up before dawn no matter which tour company you choose. Some of the more expensive options ($100+ per person) have a 2:00 AM wakeup call to ensure the group will be among the first to reach the peak. The less expensive options finish hotel and hostel pickups at around 4:30 to 5:00 AM and then start the three-hour drive to the mountain.

I booked an 80 PEN (~$25) tour through my hostel and was picked up at around 4:45 AM. Now, let’s get a couple of things straight about Rainbow Mountain:

  • The peak is 5,200 meters high. I didn’t know how to gauge altitude before I visited South America (“Numbers? I’m a lawyer. I don’t deal with numbers. Meters? I’m an American. I don’t deal with meters.”). Trust me, 5,200 is high, at least for someone with no significant trekking or mountain climbing experience (aka, me).
  • Tour companies recommend gloves and rain gear for the climb. When I visited Cusco, temperatures were in the 60s during the day, and gloves seemed like overkill. Listen to the tour companies – they know what they’re talking about.

A few people in my tour group paid extra to ride horses up the mountain, but I was determined to make it to the summit by foot. The beginning of the hike was flat and easy. The trail gradually got steeper, but it only slightly slowed my pace.

rainbow mountain

Looking down from the trail

About an hour into the hike, I noticed that I could…not…breathe. I had to stop every five minutes to catch my breath. Locals passing by with horses saw that I was struggling and kept asking, “Caballo? 20 soles?” I dismissed them with a feeble, “No, gracias.” I didn’t voice my thoughts, which were more like, “Why are you tempting me? Why? Whyyyy?! Aghhh.” Nothing other than pure stubbornness was motivating me at this point.

The climb itself wasn’t challenging, but my progress was slow due to the lack of air at 5,000+ meters. During the last 200 meters, I stopped every 30 seconds just to fill my lungs with air.

Finally, after two hours of wheezing, I made it to the summit.

rainbow mountain

The colors of the terrain were gorgeous. Although the sky was overcast, we still had a good view of the valley surrounding the mountain.

rainbow mountain

rainbow mountain

Thankfully, the descent was a lot easier, and I could power walk. Speed came in handy, as it hailed, snowed, and rained for the entire walk downhill. The unpredictable weather in the afternoon at Rainbow Mountain is a big reason why tours leave early from Cusco. I was armed with a rain jacket, poncho (you read that right: a rain jacket and poncho), and thick wool gloves, but I was still soaked by the time I reached the bottom of mountain.

If you’re not a wimp like I am, it’s possible to finish the climb in less than two hours. Other travelers reported that they made it to the summit in 1.5 hours. Even though I suffered from the lack of air, the view at the peak was worth the effort.


Next post: my Inca jungle trek to Machu Picchu! (You didn’t think I’d visit Cusco without going to Machu Picchu, did you?)

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